SAP enterprise software is widely used across various verticals of business operations. Many tasks of business operation such as input data, attach documents, updating status is repetitive in nature and time-consuming too hence they can be considered for automation.
SAP enterprise software contains GUI elements that are considered one block, which means that they cannot be used with simple recording.
Additionally, SAP operation often involves populating a high no of fields on-screen by copying data from another source such as excel or Copy paste from other applications.
In this article, I have covered various steps required for automating SAP Application Steps, Including the required configuration, Installation step, and best practices.
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First thing first, many RPA developers complain that they don’t have an SAP system so they never tried Automating steps of SAP application. However, I would suggest you practice building few workflows to perform automation on the SAP application by leveraging Free Trial Version provided by SAP.
Covering step-by-step installation for free trial SAP is beyond the context of this article, however below are two options available for you to try your hands. (You can search google you will get many step-by-step guides.) For this article, I have used the ABAP Developer edition.
SAP GUI is the graphical user interface client in SAP ERP’s 3-tier architecture of database, application server, and client.
Before you can configure and use the SAP GUI, you need to download the software from the SAP Marketplace. Once you have downloaded and installed the software now, you need to configure it, in most of the cases below details will be provided to you by SAP admin or your IT support to create a connection.
Some organizations follow standard methods where config files are copied to your machine which will auto-populate all the required Connections. [Example Shown Below]
In case you need to create a new connection, you can follow below steps –
The SAP GUI Scripting API is an automation interface that enhances the capabilities of SAP GUI for Windows. Using this interface, end-users may automate repetitive tasks by recording and running macro-like scripts.
From the SAP server’s point of view, there is no difference between SAP GUI communication generated by a script and SAP GUI communication generated by a user. For this reason, a script has the same rights to run SAP transactions and enter data as the user starts it. In addition, the same data verification rules are applied to data entered by a user and data entered by a script
SAP GUI panels are seen as Block if SAP GUI scripting is not enabled, which means you won’t be able to recognize the SAP elements easily. Without this, selectors won’t work on the SAP UI elements. Image and OCR automation can be used instead, but selectors would provide increased accuracy to the workflow.
For UiPath to work you need to enabling SAP scripting for both client and server-side –
The following procedure shows an example with a client running SAP Signature Theme on Windows 10, the colors and appearance of screen might differ but functionality should be same in higher version with other themes.
Enabling SAP GUI Scripting on the server-side requires admin privileges and as an RPA developer, you need to contact the SAP system administrator to perform the required changes.
Here are steps Needs to performed –
Note: You need to restart SAP GUI after having changed the value from FALSE to TRUE on server side (RZ11).
As stated above, to use SAP GUI for Windows for automation purposes, both client and server scripting must be enabled, server-side changes are done with (RZ11). Now time to change client settings –
UiPath teams have recently introduced many UiPath Accelerators which helps you to start your automation as quickly as possible. These packages were formerly known as SRC Components for SAP ECC, which was built and delivered by UiPath Japan.
Key points –
Read the documentation on the Accelerator here.[UiPath Foundation pack for Accelerators]
Mass creation of users and role mapping.
During migration/upgrade or testing many users needs to be created, It also requires to map them to different User-Role Assignments. This requires manual effort.
In this case, a lot of time and manpower is wasted on a repetitive task. There is also a risk of inaccuracy due to human error. Automation of this task can save a lot of time and effort, and can also substantially improve precision.